Wednesday, February 21, 2018

Restore Knee Activity With Knee Ligament Surgery

Ligaments are tough connective tissues that surround a joint and give support, limit the movement of joint. When there is damage to the ligaments, the knee joint becomes unstable. Sports injury will be the main cause of knee ligament damage. A torn ligament limits knee movement drastically. When other medical treatments become vain, then the surgery is recommended.

The major ligaments are

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), Medial collateral ligament (MCL) and Lateral collateral ligament (LCL).

Anterior cruciate ligament surgery

ACL is located in the centre of the knee. Excessive twisting during sports damages the ACL. The damaged ligament is rebuilt with new ligament during the ACL reconstructive surgery. The Orthopedic surgeon makes many minor incisions around the knee area. An arthroscope is inserted into the incision and camera in the arthroscope provides a clear view of the inner knee. After removing the damaged ligament, small holes are drilled into the lower and upper leg bones adjacent to the knee joint. The holes form tunnels and the new tissue is anchored. The new tissue is accurately placed in the place of the removed ACL. The Surgeon attaches the new ligament to the bone with screws. Once the wound starts to heal, the new ligament is formed.

Posterior cruciate ligament surgery

This is the strongest ligament located in the knee joint. Hard blows, falls will cause the damage to the PCL. The PCL surgery mostly requires a graft. Generally damaged PCL with hamstring tendons segments are grafted. Using some procedures the PCL surgery is performed.

Arthroscopic procedure

In this procedure, a small incision made in the skin. The arthroscope is inserted into the incision and with the help of video camera, the damaged joint is thoroughly analyzed. Few more incisions are made on the skin for inserting thin surgical instruments to graft and repair the damaged ligament. The procedure is performed as an outpatient procedure and it takes normally two hours to perform the surgery.
Open PCL surgery: Open surgery is advised when the injuries are more intricate. When compared to the Arthroscopic procedure, open surgery will take a longer time for recovery. However, an expert orthopedic surgeon will do the open surgery as good as possible.

Joint and Bone Solutions is one of the best hospitals for Knee ligament surgery in Delhi. Dr. Biren Nadkarni is an expert in treating all orthopedic problems with his vast experience.

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